In this book, we are going to cover the most important aspects of counselling effectively with people that are suffering from substance addiction. Further, we are going to look at many of the controversial issues and treatment models that go along with substance abuse: the disease model, versus the sin model, versus the social model.
Some important statistics falling under the heading of etiology (the science which describes how diseases begin) are worth considering. The latest statistics indicate that 87% of all Americans are raised in a dysfunctional family. Thus, a very significant amount of the American population has suffered from some sort of severe psycho-social trauma in their upbringing.